Wool was produced in vast quantities in Wales for local use and export. It was spun and woven into fabrics of various weights and widths. Some was further processed by milling and pressing, into flannel – the fabric from which most bedgowns were made.
The resulting fabric was sometimes referred to as stuff (stwff) or homespun (brethyn cartref).
In other parts of Britain, different types of woollen cloth were produced, some for specific uses, and were sold widely, so that in many places, a variety of woollen cloth was available for clothing.