fulling

Woollen cloth could be processed by fulling (beaten under water) to mat the fibres together so that the original threads become almost invisible. It could be pressed to form an almost shiny surface, or combed to produce a soft surface. The result was very tough and long lasting.

Fulling took place at a pandy – a water driven mill where hammers beat the cloth under water. Pandy is a very common place name element in Wales.

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